It used to be the capital of Boka, and today it is an important archaeological site! That is?

Risan is the oldest city in the Boka Kotor bay. It was the capital of Boka for a long time, and it is mentioned in historical sources as early as the 3rd century BC.

Compared to other cities, it is distinguished by the fact that the location of Gradina above Risan was the residence of the Illyrian queen Teuta. The remains of that fort still exist, and numerous legends are associated with it.

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Queen Teuta’s fortress, Gradina Risan, Photo: Orjen, CC BY-SA 3.0

 

Legend has it that Teuta was an incredibly beautiful, brave, and wise pirate queen who roamed the seas in the region. That’s how she caused the wrath of the Romans, who conquered her right in Risan.

According to one of the many legends, she committed suicide, and today there is a hotel named after her at the place where she jumped into the sea.

 

Hotel Teuta, Risan, Photo: Radzonimo, Depositphotos

 

She had a mint in Risan, which is now under the sea. After the Illyrians, Risan was taken over by the Romans. In the Roman era, Risan was an economically strong port and trading town with more than 10,000 inhabitants.

It was a real coastal city of that time, which was adorned with numerous palaces, walls, and fortifications.

 

Archaeological site Villa Romana, Risan, Photo: Sailko, CC BY 3.0

 

However, at the end of the 6th or the beginning of the 7th century, a strong earthquake occurred that completely destroyed it, and most of the city sank into the sea. That is why the Roman mosaics from the 2nd century, which can still be seen today in Risan, are of even greater importance, and they resisted this earthquake.

The floors of the Roman villa – Villa urbana, which was demolished, were decorated with mosaics, but these works are very well preserved. The mosaic of the sleeping god Hypnos is particularly significant, the only preserved mosaic of this god.

 

Roman mosaic, Risan, Photo: Sailko, CC BY 3.0

 

Risan has a lot more interesting things, but you have to discover something yourself or wait for our new post from this exceptional destination that is enjoyed by all history, peace, culture, and beauty lovers!

 

 

 

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