One of the largest in Europe! Tito’s Bunker could accommodate 350 people

Only 10 kilometers from the city center of the Bosnian town of Konjic, 300 meters underground, you will come across one of the biggest secrets of the 20th century of former Yugoslavia, an Army War Command D-0 (ARK/D-0) also known as Tito’s bunker.  A bunker, made for the purpose of providing shelter to 350 Tito’s closest collaborators in the case of atomic disasters.

 

Konjic, Photo: Wolfgang Schuppener, Unsplash

 

For over 50 years, Tito’s bunker, concealed within the Zlatar hill, appeared as three houses nestled in nature, but its interior told a different story. Only four commanders were aware of its existence, along with carefully selected workers who had to sign a contract stating full secrecy.

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Tito’s bunker, Konjic, Photo: Boris Maric, CC0

 

At the time of the Cold War, when Tito was the president and the commander of the Yugoslav People’s Army (JNA), scared for his life and looking for shelter in case of a catastrophe, he requested a $18.5 billion bunker to be built to protect him, his family and closest associates and be a center of its military operations. It was finally finished in 1979 and headed over to JNA to maintain its structure in case it ever happened again.

 

Tito’s bunker, Communication center, Konjic, Photo: Boris Maric, CC0

 

Situated at the southeast of Bjelašnica along the Neretva River, Tito’s bunker covers an area of 6,854 m² and can withstand a 20-kiloton nuclear blast. The bunker consists of over 100 rooms, 12 interconnected blocks, with fuel and water storage, air ventilations, conferences, operation centers, two kitchens, five large bathrooms, a cryptography center, a fully equipped hospital operating room, bedrooms, and a relaxation room.

 

Tito’s bunker, Conference room, Konjic, Photo: Boris Maric, CC0

 

So how long could they survive in this place? 

If you knew anything about Tito until now, it must have been the fact that he was very detailed and made sure that the conditions around him were perfect, so the same was true for this bunker.

The bunker was an ideal place where all its inhabitants could stay inside of it for up to six months without any contact with the outside world. Attention was given to maintaining a constant temperature and humidity inside the bunker, which remained around 21-23 degrees Celsius and 60-70%, at all times.

 

The bunker has a secret exit

In case any of its inhabitants were forced to exit the bunker, there was also a secret exit that was never marked on the map.  The exit leads to the hill above the building, approximately 170 meters above which takes you to the, which you can use to reach the junction on Zlatar.

 

Tito’s bunker, Photo: Fotokon, Dreamstime

 

Finally, in 2000. a word about Tito’s bunker came out and since then it has been a museum and an exhibition space bringing artists from all over the world.

If you are a history enthusiast and want to learn more about Tito and Yugoslavia make sure to visit this place. You can visit the museum every day at 9 a.m., 12 p.m., and 3 p.m. by booking upfront on their official website here. Tours are available in Bosnian, English, and German and an entrance fee is 10 euros (20KM).

 


 

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